Case Based Learning- A method of active learning in Microbiology

Kalpana Date, Neena Nagdeo, Shubhada Gade, Amruta Dashputra


Active learning happens when students are given the opportunity to develop more interactive relationship with subject, encouraging them to generate rather than simply receive knowledge. Case Based Learning (CBL) is one method where students are motivated towards self-learning and to develop analytic and problem solving skills. Didactic lectures on Tuberculosis and lower respiratory tract infections were conducted. Facilitators training program was conducted. Students were divided in small groups. A paper based case scenario of pulmonary tuberculosis was given to II MBBS students in two sessions. A pretest and posttest was conducted. An attitude survey of the students and teachers was done using a Likert scale ranging from strongly disagrees to strongly agree. There was a significant improvement in students’ performance when pre and posttest scores were compared (p =). The students opined that CBL helped them for better retention of knowledge and to better relate clinical conditions with basic sciences. CBL sessions helped them to significantly improve in soft skills, like communication skills, group dynamics and also promoted a better teacher student relationship. Faculty members opined that CBL promoted self-study and problem solving abilities of the students. To conclude our experience indicated that CBL session enhanced active learning in Microbiology, and such session would not only help students to gain requisite knowledge in microbiology but also enhance their communication and analytic skills.


Key Words: Case Based Learning, Microbiology, Active learning

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