Modification in clinical teaching for undergraduate curriculum of Dentistry using ‘LD+VD model’

Varsha Manekar

Abstract


Computer based learning has changed the way teaching learning (TL) method is approached. Teaching in dentistry was always teacher centered. Though there is a change in traditional classroom teaching by using multimedia, the clinical teaching (CT) remained the same. The basic clinical procedures recommended in the curriculum are demonstrated on the patient to the students in groups followed by the implementation of the same clinical procedure on patients under supervision of the teacher. This article recommends use of multimedia principles and information technology for demonstration of clinical dental procedures. The proposed model is based on the study conducted in Government Dental College & Hospital (GDCH), Nagpur with an aim to study the impact of video demonstration of nerve block technique on dental students’ learning and performance. The study was carried out on 60 students of third year BDS in 3 groups of 20 students each. Group A was given live demonstration; Group B the video demonstration of mandibular nerve block (MNB) and Group C received both demonstrations. They were evaluated by Direct Observation of Practical Skills (DOPS) method. The students with both demonstrations (Group C) performed better than those with only live demonstration or only video demonstration. We conclude that the ‘LD+VD model’ is best for clinical teaching of procedures in Dentistry. This will revolutionize the traditional CT towards effective and student centered T-L method and outcome based education.

Keywords: Clinical teaching (CT), Live demonstration (LD), Video demonstration (VD).


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