Simple strategies that improve academic performance of students: An exploratory case study

Muhammad Faris Mazlan, Abdul Halim Samsuddin, Nurfatin Abdul Hafiz, Nor Maizatul Akma Binti Mamat, Dessi Retna Sari Hamsar, Shyamala Handattu Hande


Every student has a different technique of studying and recalling information. This in turn has a strong association with academic performance. This study was conducted to understand the study techniques medical undergraduate students use to grasp the information they have acquired; to study the association between the techniques and academic performances and to explore the best study techniques that can be adopted by medical students.

Medical undergraduates at the Melaka Manipal Medical College were the subjects of the study. It was a prospective, cross sectional study, in which 210 students participated. A peer validated 12-item questionnaire was administered to students to understand their study approaches. The data for academic performance was collected from student database which classified students into fail, pass and distinction groups.

The study established that linking what has been learned with what they already know as their preferred study approach to remember information; finding reasons and clarifying concepts were other strategic approaches to comprehend information.


Keywords: Study techniques; Academic performance; Medical school

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